29 febbraio 2004

"[6], As reported by the BBC, on 3 March 2004, CARICOM called for an independent inquiry into the departure of former Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and says it would not be sending peacekeepers. 0 with reviews - Be the first. The 2004 Haitian coup d'état occurred after conflicts lasting for several weeks in Haiti during February 2004. Their support for the interim government is not surprising, as top officials, including the Minister of Justice, worked for U.S. government projects that undermined their elected predecessors. 's Exclusive Interview, Pt. http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/633280114> ; http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat> ; http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/633280114#PublicationEvent\/milano_skira_2004>. Patterson said there had been no indication during discussions with the U.S. and France that the plan which CARICOM had put forward prior to Aristide's departure was not acceptable. by Maria Teresa Benedetti; Claudio M Strinati; Archivio Fabrizio Clerici (Roma); Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: Copyright © 2001-2020 OCLC. William Kentridge : [Castello di Rivoli, Museo d'Arte Contemporanea, Rivoli-Torino, 10 gennaio - 29 febbraio 2004 ...). Coupled with the U.S. government’s development assistance embargo from 2000–2004, the projects suggest a disturbing pattern. Get this from a library! Peter Hallward interview with Kim Ives on WBAI, National Revolutionary Front for the Liberation of Haiti, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti, United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti, "Aristide accuses U.S. of forcing his ouster", "Aristide arrives in Central African Republic after fleeing Haiti", "Aristide says U.S. deposed him in 'coup d'etat, "U.S. distances itself from Haiti's election process", "As Haiti Stumbles Toward Elections, NCHR Urges Extension of Voter Registration Period", "Background on Haiti: Some Questions and Answers", "HAITI: Aristide's Call for Reparations From France Unlikely to Die", "A Country Study: Haiti – Boyer: Expansion and Decline", Paramilitarism and the Assault on Democracy in Haiti, "Canada's quiet war Why are our forces helping to raid Aristide strongholds? [9], The National Coalition for Haitian Rights (NCHR) says that there were delays in the distribution of voter identification cards. 2004 : S. Sisto (Perugia) : Effe 2. [10], Aristide's supporters claim that an opposition boycott of the election was used as a ploy in order to discredit it and that they did not have anywhere near majority support. Your Web browser is not enabled for JavaScript. Dozens of students were injured and the University dean had his legs broken. Binding: Softcover. [16][17][18] The conference was attended by Canadian, French, and U.S. and Latin American officials. [24][25] On 5 February 2004, this rebel group seized control of Haiti's fourth-largest city, Gonaïves, marking the beginning of a minor revolt against Aristide. officials. Buteur took charge of the Cannibal Army and promptly renamed it the National Revolutionary Front for the Liberation of Haiti. Goodman asked Aristide if he resigned, and President Aristide replied: "No, I didn't resign. CARICOM (The Caribbean Community) governments denounced the removal of Aristide from government. You can easily create a free account. Please enter the message. The Prime Minister of Jamaica, P. J. Patterson, said that the episode set "a dangerous precedent for democratically elected governments anywhere and everywhere, as it promotes the removal of duly elected persons from office by the power of rebel forces. [27] After a three-week rebellion, Aristide involuntarily[1][2] left Haiti on a US plane accompanied by US security personnel[1][2] as the rebels took over the capital[3] and was flown without[1] knowledge of his route and destination, via Antigua to Bangui, Central African Republic. Your Web browser is not enabled for JavaScript. Mr. Aristide, who accuses the United States and France of conspiring to force him out of power, filed a lawsuit in Paris last week accusing unnamed French officials of 'death threats, kidnapping and sequestration' in connection with his flight to Africa. On 1 June 2004, the peacekeeping mission was passed to MINUSTAH and comprised a 7000-person force led by Brazil and backed up by Argentina, Chile, Jordan, Morocco, Nepal, Peru, Philippines, Spain, Sri Lanka and Uruguay.[29]. "There is a document that was signed to avoid a bloodbath, but there was no formal resignation," he said. What some people call 'resignation' is a 'new coup d'état,' or 'modern kidnapping. I accept to leave, with the hope that there will be life and not death." by Claudio Strinati; Maria Teresa Benedetti; by Maria Teresa Benedetti; Fabrizio Clerici; Claudio Strinati; Museo Centrale del Risorgimento; by Fabrizio Clerici; Claudio M Strinati; Maria Teresa Benedetti; by Fabrizio Clerici; Claudio M Strinati; Maria Teresa Benedetti; Complesso del Vittoriano (Rome, Italy). Les importations ont en revanche diminué de 1,3 % à 31 461 tonnes, selon l’Organisation fromagère suisse. Suisse : le pays a exporté davantage de fromage en 2004. [8], In 2003, Aristide requested that France pay Haiti over US$21 billion in reparations, which he said was the equivalent in today's money of the 90 million gold francs Haiti was forced to pay Paris after winning independence from France 200 years ago.[12][13]. "[46], Controversy over Aristide's election in 2000, Aristide's request for reparations from France, Cross-border paramilitary campaign against Haiti's state 2001–2004. The minister told CNN that Aristide had been granted permission to land in the country after Aristide himself – as well as the U.S. and French governments – requested it. According to the US embassy translation it reads "Tonight I am resigning in order to avoid a bloodbath. He claimed to be held hostage by an armed military guard. Following the 2004 Haitian coup d'état, the appointed provisional prime minister Gerard Latortue rescinded the reparations demand, calling it "foolish" and "illegal". Don't have an account? http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5610671199#Place\/milano> ; http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/it> ; http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/classification\/N> ; http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/5610671199> ; http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/633280114#PublicationEvent\/milano_skira_2004> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5610671199#Agent\/skira> ; http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9788884917225> ; http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/633280114> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5610671199#Agent\/skira>, http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5610671199#Place\/milano>, http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/classification\/N>, http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/it>, http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9788884917225>, http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/633280114>. He was, prior to his death, the leader of the Gonaives gang known as "The Cannibal Army." Please re-enter recipient e-mail address(es). "Michel Vastel wrote that the possibility of Aristide's departure, the need for a potential trusteeship over Haiti, and the return of Haiti's dreaded military were discussed by Paradis and the French Minister for La Francophonie, Pierre-André Wiltzer. http://pb-ds.com/tune.html. Separate up to five addresses with commas (,). Post più recenti Post più vecchi Home page '"[2][36], Many supporters of the Fanmi Lavalas party and Aristide, as well as some foreign supporters, denounced the rebellion as a foreign controlled coup d'état orchestrated by Canada, France and the United States (Goodman, et al., 2004) to remove a democratically elected president. Journalist Michel Vastel leaked information about the conference that he says was told to him by his friend and conference host Denis Paradis, Canada's Secretary of State for Latin America, Africa, and the French-speaking world, in his 15 March 2003, article in Quebec news magazine L'actualité. [11], European nations suspended government-to-government assistance to Haiti. Please enter your name. The removal of President Aristide in these circumstances sets a dangerous precedent for democratically elected governments anywhere and everywhere, as it promotes the removal of duly elected persons from office by the power of rebel forces."[5]. Questions, comments, or suggestions Please write to [email protected] Contact Info . In the Haitian general election, 2006, René Préval was elected president. [33] The U.S. and France have been accused of using pressure on CARICOM to not make a formal UN request for an investigation into the circumstances surrounding Aristide's removal. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway. They made it clear that he had to go now or he would be killed. "[5] Rep. Charles Rangel, D-New York expressed similar words, saying Aristide had told him he was "disappointed that the international community had let him down" and "that he resigned under pressure" – "As a matter of fact, he was very apprehensive for his life. [8], Unfortunately, there were irregularities that occurred in the election and there is a post-election problem of the vote count that is threatening to undo the democratic work of the citizens of Haïti. [1], Aristide later repeated similar claims, in an interview with Amy Goodman of Democracy Now! 16:08. [26] Haitians fled their country on boats, seeking to get to the United States. [Carolyn Christov-Bakargiev; William Kentridge; Castello di Rivoli, Museo d'Arte Contemporanea. By 22 February, the rebels had captured Haiti's second-largest city, Cap-Haïtien. February 29; L. Leap year; Media in category "29 February" The following 22 files are in this category, out of 22 total. The E-mail Address(es) field is required. La Suisse a exporté 55 613 tonnes de fromage en 2004, fromage fondu inclus, soit 7,3 % de plus que l’année précédente. [30], On 15 October 2005, Brazil called for more troops to be sent due to the worsening situation in the country. The opposition in Haiti accused the government party of election fraud in the Haitian general election, 2000[7] as did the United States. Please enter the subject. [19], Multiple protests by Haitian students were organized in 2002, 2003 and 2004 against the Aristide government. You may send this item to up to five recipients. Don't have an account? [34], The CARICOM initially refused to recognize the interim government, but in 2006 the newly elected René Préval resumed his country's membership in the organization. Castello di Rivoli, Museo d'Arte Contemporanea. Please enter recipient e-mail address(es). It stated that "Summary executions are a police tactic. A slightly different translation was given by Albert Valdman, a linguistics professor and specialist in Haitian Creole at Indiana University in Bloomington, Ind. 1", "CALEB MCCARRY, Bush's man for Cuba author of the Haitian disaster", "Aristide's moment of decision: 'Live or die, "Aristide and His Bodyguard Describe the U.S. Role in His Ouster", "U.S. allegedly blocked extra bodyguards", "Aristide's claims that he was forced from power in Haiti cause problems with his African host", "Aristide denies 'formal resignation,' plans return", Damming the Flood: Haiti and the Politics of Containment, The 2004 removal of Jean-Bertrand Aristide, Archive of broadcasts on the Haiti coup and its aftermath, The Week of War – The final week of Jean Bertrand Aristide, A political website dedicated to political activism on Canada's role in Haiti, CIIA Development and Inequality Symposium Paper (March 2006), Review of Peter Hallward, Damming the Flood: Haiti, Aristide, and the Politics of Containment (2008), Randall Robinson, An Unbroken Agony: Haiti, From Revolution to the Kidnapping of a President (2007), and Alex Dupuy, The Prophet and Power: Jean-Bertrand Aristide, Haiti, and the International Community (2006), Operation Secure Tomorrow by globalsecurity.org, Mixed U.S. Title: RANSCHENEWBERG Ferrara - Palazzo Dei Diamanti: 29 Febbraio - 6 Gingno 2004 . The HUDOC database provides access to the case-law of the Court (Grand Chamber, Chamber and Committee judgments and decisions, communicated cases, advisory opinions and legal summaries from the Case-Law Information Note), the European Commission of Human Rights (decisions and reports) and the Committee of Ministers (resolutions) WorldCat is the world's largest library catalog, helping you find library materials online. "I believe that (the call for reparations) could have something to do with it, because they (France) were definitely not happy about it, and made some very hostile comments," Myrtha Desulme, chairperson of the Haiti-Jamaica Exchange Committee, told IPS. "[5] When asked for his response to these statements Colin Powell said that "it might have been better for members of Congress who have heard these stories to ask us about the stories before going public with them so we don't make a difficult situation that much more difficult" and he alleged that Aristide "did not democratically govern or govern well". The kidnapping claim is "absolutely false," concurred Parfait Mbaye, the communications minister for the Central African Republic, where Aristide's party was taken. In early 2004, paramilitary forces launched a ramped up offensive into the country. A student protest against Aristide on 7 January 2004 led to a clash with police and Aristide supporters that left two dead. in accordance with the Constitution of Haiti" and authorized such a mission. William Kentridge : [Castello di Rivoli, Museo d\'Arte Contemporanea, Rivoli-Torino, 10 gennaio - 29 febbraio 2004 ...)\" ; Castello di Rivoli, Museo d\'Arte Contemporanea.\" ; Export to EndNote / Reference Manager(non-Latin). It resulted in the removal from office of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide preventing him from finishing his second term, who was then flown away from Haiti by U.S. military/security personnel.[1][2][3][4]. Fabrizio Clerici : una retrospettiva : [Roma, Complesso del Vittoriano, 14-29 febbraio 2004] 1. 'He drafted and signed his letter of resignation all by himself and then voluntarily departed with his wife and his own security team,' Mr. Powell said. The 2004 Haitian coup d'état occurred after conflicts lasting for several weeks in Haiti during February 2004. In the article, he claims that the officials at the conference wanted to see regime change in Haiti in less than a year. "(But) I believe that he did have grounds for that demand, because that is what started the downfall of Haiti," she says."[12][13][14]. Castello di Rivoli, Museo d'Arte Contemporanea. on 16 March. Book Condition: Very Good+ . The Ottawa Initiative on Haiti was a conference hosted by Canada that took place at Meech Lake, Quebec (a federal government resort near Ottawa) on 31 January and 1 February 2003, to decide the future of Haiti's government, though no Haitian government officials were invited. "In respect of our partners we can only say this, at no time in our discussions did they convey to us that the plan was unacceptable so long as president Aristide remained in office. He went on the airplane willingly and that's the truth." In November 2004, the University of Miami School of Law carried out a Human Rights Investigation in Haiti and documented serious human rights abuses. As the end of February approached, rebels threatened to take the capital, Port-au-Prince, fueling increasing political unrest and the building of barricades throughout the capital. It resulted in the removal from office of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide preventing him from finishing his second term, who was then flown away from Haiti by U.S. military/security personnel. On 5 December 2003, some of Aristide's supporters, backed by the police according to witnesses,[20] entered the social studies department of the Université d'État d'Haïti to attack students who were rallying for an anti-government protest later that day. WorldCat is the world's largest library catalog, helping you find library materials online. Some features of WorldCat will not be available. Without doubt there were irregularities that occurred in the election which have been conceded by the CEP. The Bush administration insists that Mr. Aristide had personally asked for help and voluntarily boarded a U.S. plane. Some features of WorldCat will not be available. [45], Aristide has also denied that a letter he left behind constitutes an official resignation. (not yet rated) A new book on the subject, Damming the Flood: Haiti, Aristide and the Politics of Containment by Peter Hallward, documents the events leading up to 29 February 2004, and concludes that what occurred during the "rebellion" was in fact a modern coup d'état, financed and orchestrated by forces allied with the US government. Seller ID: 147707. According to Rep. Maxine Waters D-California, Mildred Aristide called her at her home at 6:30 am to inform her "the coup d'etat has been completed", and Jean-Bertrand Aristide said the U.S. Embassy in Haiti's chief of staff came to his house to say he would be killed "and a lot of Haitians would be killed" if he refused to resign immediately and said he "has to go now. You can easily create a free account. He was quoted saying, "200 soldiers of the US Special Forces arrived in the Dominican Republic, with the authorization of Dominican President Hipolito Mejia, as a part of the military operation to train Haitian rebels," when unveiling the report in the Dominican capital Santo Domingo. "If tonight it is my resignation that will avoid a bloodbath, I accept to leave with the hope that there will be life and not death. [22], In September 2003, Amiot Métayer was found dead, his eyes shot out and his heart cut out, most likely the result of machete-inflicted wounds. Learn more ››. [44], According to the US, as the rebels approached the capital, James B. Foley, U.S. ambassador to Haiti, got a phone call from a high-level aide to Aristide, asking if the U.S. could protect Aristide and help facilitate his departure if he resigned. [Mostra e catalogo a cura di Carolyn Christov-Barkargiev]. The US has denied the accusations. All rights reserved. The role of rightwing paramilitary groups in violently targeting activists and government officials aligned with the Aristide government has been well documented. "[30] It also stated the following: U.S. officials blame the crisis on armed gangs in the poor neighborhoods, not the official abuses and atrocities, nor the unconstitutional ouster of the elected president. Signals Helped Tilt Haiti Toward Chaos, https://www.webcitation.org/5s4b55Evx?url=http://www.nytimes.com/2006/01/29/international/americas/29haiti.html?_r=2&pagewanted=all, United States intervention in Latin America, United States involvement in the Mexican Revolution, United States involvement in regime change in Latin America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2004_Haitian_coup_d%27état&oldid=988197878, United States involvement in regime change, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 18:25. It is also believed that they had contact with U.S. and French intelligence. "We did not force him onto the airplane. You may have already requested this item. Pages in category "29 February" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. "This political kidnapping was the price to pay to avoid a bloodbath." Would you also like to submit a review for this item? [31], A number of figures from Haiti's past re-appeared in government after the rebellion, including Hérard Abraham at the Ministry of the Interior, Williams Régala (a former aide to Henri Namphy) and Colonel Henri-Robert Marc-Charles, a member of the post-1991 military junta.[32]. ", "Declassifying Canada in Haiti, Part I, Canadian Officials Planned Military Intervention Weeks Before Haitian Coup", "Soros Foundation in Haiti Denounces Attacks on Students by Pro-Government Forces", http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2004-03/30/content_1390551.htm, "Haitian 'Cannibal Army' leader orchestrates chaos to force Aristide's ouster", "U.S., France Block UN Probe of Aristide Ouster", "President Aristide in His Own Words: DN!

Pokémon Go Suicune Counter, Nomi Giapponesi Per Uccelli, Carmelo D'alessio Neurologo, Hotel Astoria Bordighera, Liceo Artistico Statale Boccioni-palizzi, Preghiera A Sant'antonio Per Lo Studente, Libri Su Pittori Famosi, Piumoni Matrimoniali In Vera Piuma, Eclissi Solare Italia, Osso Sporgente Piede Esterno Cuboide, Dove Mangiare A Fiesole, Patrono Padova 2020, Esempio Dove Si Legge Il Valore Isee, Villaggi Santa Maria Di Castellabate Pensione Completa,